Young Migrant Entrepreneurs (YME) Entrepreneurship among migrants must be seen as a new arena for social, economic and political action. Many governments are therefore trying to actively promote entrepreneurship through various forms of support. But the role of Youth Work in fostering entrepreneurial learning has been underexposed up until today (Taking the future into their own hands Youth work and entrepreneurial learning : final report – Étude EU: 2017). With the migrants issue high on the calendar of the EU there has never been a more important time for an attractive Entrepreneurship Capacity Building Support for young migrants (born in non-EU countries). The Young Migrant Entrepreneurs (YME) project will focus on delivering entrepreneurial skills-building support through Youth Workers and Immigration Case Workers: *Reinforce links between youth work policy and migrant policy, research and practice; *Promote better knowledge about the situation of young migrants and youth work and migrant policies; *Recognition and validation of youth work and informal non-formal entrepreneurial learning at European, national, regional and local levels; *Mentoring/Youth Worker schemes for young migrants and young migrant would-be entrepreneurs. *Approaches to the assessment of entrepreneurial competences * Develops the competences of youth workers and youth trainers Within the EU, young migrants represent an important pool of potential entrepreneurs, but can face, as other more vulnerable groups, specific legal, cultural and linguistic obstacles. These issues need to be addressed in a complete way to give the right youth work entrepreneurial support equitable to that received by all other entrepreneurial groups. This is the main goal of the Young Migrant Entrepreneurs (YME) project. The EU acknowledges this & promotes Strategic Entrepreneurship Partnerships through the 'Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan": One particular commitment in the Action Plan is to facilitate entrepreneurship among migrants. Turkey has a strategic role in this process. The 2 year-old deal between the EU and Turkey helped control an unprecedented migration crisis: In 2015 and 2016 alone, more than 2.5 million people applied for asylum in the EU. Authorities in the member states issued 593,000 first instance asylum decisions in 2015 - over half of them positive. Most people who applied for protection at the height of the refugee crisis in 2015 had to wait until 2016 to receive their ruling. That year 1.1 million asylum decisions were made. 61% of those were positive with one third of applicants granted refugee status, the highest level of international protection. Frontex, the EU border surveillance agency, collects data on illegal crossings of the EU's external borders registered by national authorities. In 2015 and 2016, more than 2.3 million illegal crossings were detected. It’s clear there has never been a more important time for youth work to identify, encourage & support young migrants in entrepreneurship capacity building. The EU acknowledges this & promotes Strategic Entrepreneurship Partnerships through the 'Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan & Entrepreneurship Education: A Guide for Educators', aiming to foster the provision and assessment of key competences, including basic skills & transversal skills particularly entrepreneurship, languages and digital skills. There are a lot of initiatives in the EU that support young migrant entrepreneurs, but we believe that YME improves by identifying and supporting them while they are in contact with youth workers and immigrant case workers. This is the key to future success. Through practice by doing experience and results by other projects we have already seen in the Linking Education and Business (LEB) project (2013-1-ES1-LEO04-73207-6) that education is more focused on frameworks of the past rather than on the young people who could generate the ideas in the future and that Youth Work is not involved much (Balaguer/Van Schie; 2015 ISBN 978-90-824055-0-7 / NUR 100). The Transnational Business Groups project was a good example were young people were supported with business ideas making, developing personal life skills, setting up & run a business. In the UK 'An Entrepreneurial Journey' designed to aid young people’s transition from youth work into independent living & employment by developing life skills to set up & run a business- of WS is very promising. YME involves, engages & consults Youth Workers, Youth Service Trainers and Immigration Case Workers (Asylum Centers) through YME Days & local & regional YME network meetings and will also target young migrants through 'Practice by Doing’ youth work activities with the help of young migrants & stakeholders, placing the youth worker and young migrant firmly at the (web based) center of their own informal entrepreneurial journey, giving practical tips and advice to support young people to develop entrepreneurship capacity building skills.

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BULLC | Boğaziçi University Lifelong Learning Center
34337 - Uçaksavar-İstanbul-Turkey
Tel : +90 (212) 257 31 27 -28 ext. 4754
Fax : +90 (212) 257 24 80
yme@boun.edu.tr


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